|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]吴宗之,张圣柱,张悦,等.2006-2010年我国危险化学品事故统计分析研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2011,7(7):5-9.
 WU Zongzhi,ZHANG Shengzhu,ZHANG Yue,et al.Statistical Analysis of Hazardous Chemicals Accidents Occurring in China during 2006~2010[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2011,7(7):5-9.
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2006-2010年我国危险化学品事故统计分析研究()
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《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
7
期数:
2011年7期
页码:
5-9
栏目:
学术论著
出版日期:
2011-07-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Statistical Analysis of Hazardous Chemicals Accidents Occurring in China during 2006~2010
文章编号:
1673-193X(2011)-07-0005-05
作者:
吴宗之1张圣柱2张悦2石超3刘宁4杨国梁2
(1.中国安全生产科学研究院,北京100012)(2.中国矿业大学(北京)资源与安全工程学 院,北京100083)(3.神华集团有限责任公司,北京100009)(4.北京科技大学 土木与环境工程学院,北京100083)
Author(s):
WU Zongzhi1 ZHANG Shengzhu2 ZHANG Yue2 SHI Chao3 LIU Ning4 YANG Guoliang2
(1. China Academy of Safety Science and Technology 2. Faculty of Resource and Safety Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology(Beijing) 3. Shenhua Group Corporation Limited4. School of Civil & Environment Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing
关键词:
危险化学品事故预防统计分析
Keywords:
hazardous chemicals accident prevention statistical analysis
分类号:
X928.01
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
本文基于“十一五”期间我国危险化学品事故统计数据,从事故类别、事故发生区域、事故发生时间、企业经济类型、危险化学品类别 、危险化学品事故发生环节等方面进行分析,结果表明,中毒与窒息事故和爆炸事故占危险化学品事故主要类型,易燃液体、易燃气体、爆炸 品和腐蚀性物质是引发危险化学品事故的主要危险物质类型,生产环节是事故发生的主要环节,违反操作规程或劳动纪律与设备设施工具附件 有缺陷是导致事故的重要原因。从落实企业安全生产主体责任、提升本质安全化水平、开展重大危险源普查、建立安全监管网络、加强危险化 学品产业布局、提高事故应急救援能力等方面提出了预防和控制危险化学品事故的对策建议。
Abstract:
Based on the statistics of hazardous chemicals accidents happening in China during the Eleventh Five-Year, a detailed accident analysis is performed on the aspects including accident types, occurring region, occurring time, enterprise business type, hazardous chemicals categories and accident occurring stage. It points out that, poisoning, suffocation and explosion accidents account for 81% of total hazardous chemicals accidents and 86% of total death; flammable liquids, flammable gas, explosives and corrosive substances are the main types of hazardous substances contributing to the chemicals accidents; production stage is the main part of accident; violation of operating regulations or labor discipline and defects of equipment, facility, tool and accessory account for 51% of total accidents, “Three Violations” are important causes leading to accidents. Countermeasures and suggestions on prevention and control of hazardous chemicals accidents are put forward from the following aspects: designating the principal responsibility of enterprise safe production, enhancing intrinsic safety level, conducting general survey on major hazardous sources, setting up safety surveillance network, strengthening the industry layout of hazardous chemicals and improving accident emergency rescue capability.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2011-04-22
作者简介:吴宗之,男,研究员
基金项目:国际科技合作项目(编号:2009DFA71840)
更新日期/Last Update: