|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]宋英华,张小莹,吕伟.城镇-森林交界域火灾灾害链网络模型构建及风险分析[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2020,16(5):122-128.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2020.05.019]
 SONG Yinghua,ZHANG Xiaoying,LYU Wei.Construction of disaster chain network model and risk analysis on wildlandurban interface fire[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2020,16(5):122-128.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2020.05.019]
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城镇-森林交界域火灾灾害链网络模型构建及风险分析
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《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
16
期数:
2020年5期
页码:
122-128
栏目:
职业安全卫生管理与技术
出版日期:
2020-05-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Construction of disaster chain network model and risk analysis on wildlandurban interface fire
文章编号:
1673-193X(2020)-05-0122-07
作者:
宋英华张小莹吕伟
(1.武汉理工大学 中国应急管理研究中心,湖北 武汉 430070;
2.武汉理工大学 安全科学与应急管理学院,湖北 武汉 430070)
Author(s):
SONG Yinghua ZHANG Xiaoying LYU Wei
(1.China Research Center for Emergency Management,Wuhan University of Technology,Wuhan Hubei 430070,China;
2.School of Safety Science and Emergency Management,Wuhan University of Technology,Wuhan Hubei 430070,China)
关键词:
城镇-森林交界域火灾灾害链复杂网络风险分析
Keywords:
wildlandurban interface (WUI) fire disaster chain complex network risk analysis
分类号:
X913
DOI:
10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2020.05.019
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为确定城镇—森林交界域火灾灾害演化关系及风险特征,预防灾害事件发生,从157个火灾案例中提取43个典型灾害事件,运用灾害链和复杂网络理论,构建城镇-森林交界域火灾灾害链演化模型。使用Python工具对灾害链网络中关键节点、关键边和最短路径分析。结果表明:化工厂爆炸、加油加气站爆炸、城镇火灾、污染水质、污染空气及城市生命线损毁是关键节点,山洪—道路损毁、河流泥沙淤积—山洪、堤坝决堤—山洪、堰塞湖—山洪、森林火灾—城镇火灾是关键边。研究结果可为城镇-森林交界域火灾的防控、断链减灾提供科学依据,具有较高的现实意义。
Abstract:
In order to determine the disaster evolution relationship and risk characteristics of wildlandurban interface (WUI) fire and prevent the disaster events,43 typical disaster events were extracted from 157 fire cases,and a disaster chain evolution model of WUI fire was constructed by using the theories of disaster chain and complex network.The key nodes,key edges and the shortest paths in the disaster chain network were analyzed by using the Python tools.The results showed that the chemical plant explosion,fueling and gas station explosion,urban fire,water pollution,air pollution and urban lifeline damage were the key nodes,and the mountain torrentsroad damage,river sedimentationmountain torrents,dam breakmountain torrents,dammed lakemountain torrents,wildland fireurban fire were the key edges.The research results can provide scientific basis for the prevention and control and the chaincutting disaster mitigation of WUI fire,which have fairly high practical significance.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2019-11-14
* 基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC0807000);国家自然科学基金项目(51604204);中国博士后科学基金项目(2018M632937);中央高校基本科研业务费专项项目(2019IVA075,2019III053GX)
作者简介: 宋英华,博士,教授,主要研究方向为公共安全与应急管理。
通信作者: 吕伟,博士,副教授,主要研究方向为公共安全风险评估、交通安全。
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-06-10