|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]张晋,李炎锋,代宝乾,等.某连通型地下空间商业开发对既有地铁车站疏散能力影响[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2019,15(7):124-129.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2019.07.020]
 ZHANG Jin,LI Yanfeng,DAI Baoqian,et al.Influence of commercial development of a connected underground space on evacuation capacity of existing subway station[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2019,15(7):124-129.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2019.07.020]
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某连通型地下空间商业开发对既有地铁车站疏散能力影响
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《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
15
期数:
2019年7期
页码:
124-129
栏目:
职业安全卫生管理与技术
出版日期:
2019-07-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Influence of commercial development of a connected underground space on evacuation capacity of existing subway station
文章编号:
1673-193X(2019)-07-0124-06
作者:
张晋12李炎锋1代宝乾2李俊梅1
(1.北京工业大学 绿色建筑环境与节能技术北京市重点实验室,北京 100124;
2.北京市劳动保护科学研究所 城市有毒有害易燃易爆危险源控制技术北京市重点实验室,北京 100054)
Author(s):
ZHANG Jin12 LI Yanfeng1 DAI Baoqian2 LI Junmei1
(1.Beijing Key Laboratory of Green Building and Energy Saving Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China;
2.Beijing Key Laboratory of Control Technology for City Toxic and Combustible Major Hazards, Beijing Municipal Institute of Labour Protection, Beijing 100054, China)
关键词:
地下空间商业开发地铁车站疏散模拟
Keywords:
underground space commercial development subway station evacuation simulation
分类号:
X937
DOI:
10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2019.07.020
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为避免或降低连通型地下空间商业开发对车站疏散带来不利影响,基于地铁车站现场调研数据,利用仿真软件模拟了某连通型地下空间商业开发前后车站的疏散过程,分析了该地下空间商业开发对既有地铁车站疏散能力的影响,并针对不利影响提出了对策措施。研究结果表明:当地下空间与车站之间的防火卷帘不落下时,商业开发虽然对站台层的疏散无影响,但会增加与地下空间相邻2个出口的疏散人数,导致2个出口产生拥堵,增加了疏散时间;车站和商场可以通过工作人员或利用广播引导乘客向各出口均匀疏散的手段来降低商业开发带来的不利影响。提出的研究方法可以评估连通型空间开发对车站疏散能力的影响,为此类商业开发的设计提供参考。
Abstract:
In order to avoid or reduce the negative impact of commercial development of connected underground space on the evacuation of existing subway station, the evacuation process of a subway station before and after the commercial development of a connected underground space was simulated by using a simulation software based on the data observed through the field observation at the subway station. The influence of commercial development of the underground space on the evacuation capacity of the existing subway station was analyzed, and the relevant countermeasures aiming at the negative impact were proposed. The results showed that when the fire resistant shutters connecting the underground space and the station did not fall, the commercial development of connected underground space had no effect on the evacuation of the platform. However, it increased the number of evacuees who used two exits adjacent to the underground space for evacuation. Moreover, the commercial development of the underground space led to the congestion of the two exits and increased the evacuation time. The operators of the station and the shopping mall could reduce the adverse effects of commercial development by means of staff or broadcasting to guide the passengers to evacuate evenly to all exits. This method can be used to evaluate the impact of development of connected space on the evacuation capacity of subway stations, and it can serve as a reference for the design of such commercial development.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2019-04-17
* 基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFF0301003,2018YFF0213304)
作者简介: 张晋,博士研究生,主要研究方向为风险评估相关工作。
通信作者: 李炎锋,博士,教授,主要研究方向为建筑火灾安全技术及人员疏散。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-08-07