|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]刘茜,史聪灵,伍彬彬,等.某大型机加车间数控机床噪声暴露特点与分析研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2019,15(5):161-166.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2019.05.026]
 LIU Qian,SHI Congling,WU Binbin,et al.Study on characteristics and analysis of noise exposure of NC Machine Tools in a large machine workshop[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2019,15(5):161-166.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2019.05.026]
点击复制

某大型机加车间数控机床噪声暴露特点与分析研究
分享到:

《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
15
期数:
2019年5期
页码:
161-166
栏目:
职业安全卫生管理与技术
出版日期:
2019-05-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Study on characteristics and analysis of noise exposure of NC Machine Tools in a large machine workshop
文章编号:
1673-193X(2019)-05-0161-06
作者:
刘茜1史聪灵1伍彬彬1胥旋1石杰红1王莹2 王飞1
(1.中国安全生产科学研究院 地铁火灾与客流疏运安全北京市重点实验室,北京 100012;
2.中车长春轨道客车股份有限公司,吉林 长春 130062)
Author(s):
LIU Qian1 SHI Congling1 WU Binbin1 XU Xuan1 SHI Jiehong1 WANG Ying2WANG Fei1
(1. Beijing Key Laboratory of Metro Fire and Passenger Transportation Safety, China Academy of Safety Science and Technology, Beijing 100012;
2. CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles Co.,Ltd., Changchun Jilin 130062)
关键词:
大型机加车间噪声职业噪声暴露
Keywords:
large machine workshop noise occupational noise exposure
分类号:
X966
DOI:
10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2019.05.026
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为研究大型机加车间噪声现状和特点,选取某大型机加车间数控机床开展现场实测,并对噪声测量结果进行分析。结果显示:数控机床产生的噪声是非稳态噪声;数控机床产生的噪声在车间传播,声场分布不均匀;加工某转向工件频率在500~5 300 Hz,峰值频率分别为500,800,2 000,5 000 Hz;对机加数控机床操作岗位工作人员的8 h噪声暴露量进行测量,测量值为89.2 dB(A)。研究结果表明:评价大型机加车间噪声,测量重点应选在机床操作岗位和人行通道;应重点关注被测机床周围20 m内的噪声值;机加工作场所测量时间段的选择取决于作业持续时间。
Abstract:
To study the present situation and characteristics of the noise in a large machine workshop, field measurement to the numerical control machine tools (NC Machine Tools) has been taken in a selected large machine workshop, and the noise measurement obtained onsite were analyzed. The results show that the noise generated by NC Machine Tools is unsteady noise. When the noise transmits in the workshop, the sound field are unevenly distributed. When the frequency of processing a certain steering workpiece is from 500 Hz to 5 300 Hz, the peak frequencies are 500 Hz, 800 Hz, 2 000 Hz and 5 000 Hz, respectively. Also the 8-hour noise exposure of the machine operator is measured at a value of 89.2 dB(A). The results show that it proposes the key places for large machine workshop noise measurement are the operation posts and personnel aisles. Main attention should be paid to the noise within 20 meters around the studied machine tools. The selection of the measurement time period of workplace depends on the duration of operation.

参考文献/References:

[1]中华人民共和国卫生部.《工作场所物理因素测量第八部分:噪声》:GBZ/T 189.8—2007 [S]. 北京:中国标准出版社,2007.
[2]中华人民共和国卫生部.《工作场所有害因素职业接触限值 第2部分:物理因素》:GBZ2.2—2007 [S]. 北京:人民卫生出版社,2007.
[3]中华人民共和国国家质量监督检验检疫总局、中国国家标准化管理委员会.《声学 职业噪声暴露的测定 工程法》:GB/T 21230—2014/ISO 9612:2009 [S]. 北京:中国标准出版社,2014.
[4]谢红卫,张美辨,全长健.累计噪声暴露量与人听力损失的剂量反应关系研究[J]. 浙江预防医学,2014, 26(4): 340-348. XIE Hongwei, ZHANG Meibian, QUAN Changjian. A study on dose-response relationship between cumulative noise exposure and human hearing loss[J]. Zhejiang Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2014, 26 (4): 340-348.
[5]王军义,肖全华,夏源,等.累积噪声暴露量与噪声性听力损失关系的探讨[J]. 职业卫生与应急救援,2009, 27 (3):131-133. WANG Junyi, XIAO Quanhua, XIA Yuan, et al. Relationship between cumulative noise exposure and hearing loss[J]. Occupational Health and Emergency Rescue, 2009, 27 (3):131-133.
[6]陈辉,蒋健敏,张美辨,等.工业噪声测量指标研究进展[J]. 浙江预防医学. 2016,28(4):376-379. CHEN Hui, JIANG Jianmin, ZHANG Meibian, et al. Research progress of industrial noise measurement indicators [J]. Zhejiang Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2016,28(4):376-379.
[7]ASA.American Natinal standard measurement of occupational noise exposure:ANSI S12.19-1996[S].New York:ASA,1996.
[8]谢红卫,张美辨,张磊,等.非稳态噪声工作场所噪声暴露测量与评价[J]. 环境与职业医学,2013,30(10):748-752. XIE Hongwei, ZHANG Meibian, ZHANG Lei, et al.Measurement and evaluation on workplace non-steady noise exposure [J]. Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, 2013,30 (10):748-752.
[9]中华人民共和国环境保护部.《工业企业厂界环境噪声排放标准》:GB 12348—2008 [S]. 北京:中国环境科学出版社,2008.
[10]中华人民共和国国家计划委员会.《工业企业噪声测量规范》:GBJ 122—88 [S]. 北京:中国计划出版社,1998.
[11]方丹群,张斌,孙家麒,卢伟健.噪声控制(上、下册)[M]. 北京:科学出版社,2013.

相似文献/References:

[1]李〓杰,郭建中,姜〓亢,等.北京地铁岛式站台噪声的初步研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2012,8(8):153.
 LI Jie,GUO Jian zhong,JIANG Kang,et al.Pilot research on the Beijing subway island platform noise level[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2012,8(5):153.
[2]姜〓亢,李〓杰,郭建中,等.北京市公交车内噪声监测与分析[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2012,8(10):164.
 JIANG Kang,LI Jie,GUO Jian zhong,et al.Interior noise measurement and analysis of Beijing public transportation[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2012,8(5):164.
[3]刘茜.某新建城市轨道交通高架车站噪声现状-站台部分[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2015,11(2):145.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2015.02.024]
 LIU Qian.Analysis on noise status of a newly built elevated station of urban rail transit - Part I: Platform[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2015,11(5):145.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2015.02.024]
[4]刘茜,伍彬彬,王靖.某新建城市轨道交通高架车站噪声现状-设备房与管理用房部分[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2015,11(5):123.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2015.05.019]
 LIU Qian,WU Bin-bin,WANG Jing.Analysis on noise status of a newly built elevated station of urban rail transit - Part Ⅱ: Equipment and Management room[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2015,11(5):123.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2015.05.019]
[5]刘茜.某城市地铁典型线路地下站台噪声现状分析[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2015,11(6):150.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2015.06.024]
 LIU Qian.Analysis on noise status of underground platform in a typical line of urban metro[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2015,11(5):150.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2015.06.024]
[6]王春雪,吕淑然.噪声对建筑施工人员作业疲劳影响实验研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2015,11(11):156.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2015.11.026]
 WANG Chun-xue,LV Shu-ran.Experimental study on influence of noise on work fatigue of construction personnel[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2015,11(5):156.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2015.11.026]
[7]佟瑞鹏,张磊,杜志托,等.煤矿井下不同作业场所的职业健康风险定量评价[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2016,12(2):123.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193X.2016.02.022]
 TONG Ruipeng,ZHANG Lei,DU Zhituo,et al.Quantitative evaluation on occupational health risk in different working places of underground coal mine[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2016,12(5):123.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193X.2016.02.022]
[8]王春雪,吕淑然.噪声对安全注意力影响实验研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2016,12(3):160.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2016.03.029]
 WANG Chunxue,LYU Shuran.Experimental study on influence to safety attention by noise[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2016,12(5):160.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2016.03.029]
[9]刘茜,史聪灵,伍彬彬,等.城市轨道交通站台噪声测量研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2017,13(11):143.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2017.11.023]
 LIU Qian,SHI Congling,WU Binbin,et al.Analysis on noise status of urban railway platform[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2017,13(5):143.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2017.11.023]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2018-12-29
基金项目: 十三五国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0801700);国家自然科学基金项目(51622403);人才特殊支持经费项目(WRJH201801);基本科研业务费专项(2019JBKY01、2019JBKY02)
作者简介: 刘茜,本科,教授级高级工程师,主要研究方向为工业企业噪声防治技术的应用及噪声检测与评估。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-06-11