|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]钟茂华,陈俊沣,陈嘉诚,等.地铁十字换乘车站全尺寸实验研究:Ⅱ.站台火灾[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2019,15(5):42-48.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2019.05.007]
 ZHONG Maohua,CHEN Junfeng,CHEN Jiacheng,et al.Fullscale experimental study on cross transfer metro station:Ⅱ. Platform fire[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2019,15(5):42-48.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2019.05.007]
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地铁十字换乘车站全尺寸实验研究:Ⅱ.站台火灾
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《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
15
期数:
2019年5期
页码:
42-48
栏目:
学术论著
出版日期:
2019-05-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Fullscale experimental study on cross transfer metro station:Ⅱ. Platform fire
文章编号:
1673-193X(2019)-05-0042-07
作者:
钟茂华1陈俊沣1陈嘉诚2仇培云2温晓虎2
(1.清华大学 工程物理系 公共安全研究院,北京 100084;
2.广州地铁集团有限公司,广东 广州 510330)
Author(s):
ZHONG Maohua1 CHEN Junfeng1 CHEN Jiacheng2 QIU Peiyun2 WEN Xiaohu2
(1. Institute of Public Safety Research, Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
2. Guangzhou Metro Group Co., Ltd., Guangzhou Guangdong 510330, China)
关键词:
地铁十字换乘车站全尺寸实验侧式站台机械通风
Keywords:
metro cross transfer metro station fullscale experiment side platform mechanical ventilation
分类号:
X932
DOI:
10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2019.05.007
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了解在不同通风模式下地铁十字换乘车站站台火灾发展规律,通过在地铁十字换乘车站站台开展全尺寸火灾实验,分析了不同通风模式下站台层火灾的烟气扩散速率、沉降高度和扩散范围。研究结果表明:该类型车站站台火灾烟气扩散受到建筑结构和通风条件等因素的影响;在A线路站台层发生火灾时,站台断面面积沿烟气扩散方向的缩小有效抑制了烟气向远端扩散;站台机械通风能够有效降低烟气扩散速率,控制烟气扩散区域和沉降高度;在0.5 MW火灾规模下,A线路站台火灾对B线路影响不明显。
Abstract:
In order to fully understand the fire development laws of platform in the cross transfer metro station under different ventilation modes, the fullscale fire experiments were carried out on the platform of cross transfer metro station, and the parameters of platform fire, such as smoke diffusion rate, smoke settlement height and smoke diffusion range under different ventilation modes were analyzed. The results showed that the smoke diffusion of platform fire for this type of station was affected by the building structure and ventilation conditions. When the fire occurred on the platform floor of Line A, the reduction of platform crosssection area along the direction of smoke diffusion effectively restrained the smoke diffusion to the far end. The mechanical ventilation of platform could effectively reduce the smoke diffusion rate, control the smoke diffusion area and settlement height. For the 0.5 MW fire, the platform fire of Line A had little effect on Line B.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2019-02-01
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0802500);国家自然科学基金项目(51425404,51674152)
作者简介: 钟茂华,博士,研究员,主要研究方向为地铁安全。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-06-11