|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]王永明.突发事件应急决策模拟演练设计理论框架与技术要点[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2019,15(5):5-10.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2019.05.001]
 WANG Yongming.Theoretical framework and technical essentials of simulation drill design on emergency decisionmaking of emergencies[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2019,15(5):5-10.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2019.05.001]
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突发事件应急决策模拟演练设计理论框架与技术要点
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《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
15
期数:
2019年5期
页码:
5-10
栏目:
学术论著
出版日期:
2019-05-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Theoretical framework and technical essentials of simulation drill design on emergency decisionmaking of emergencies
文章编号:
1673-193X(2019)-05-0005-06
作者:
王永明
(中共中央党校(国家行政学院),北京 100089)
Author(s):
WANG Yongming
(Party School of the Central Committee of C.P.C & National Academy of Governance, Beijing 100089, China)
关键词:
突发事件应急决策应急演练设计开发理论框架技术要点
Keywords:
emergencies emergency decision-making emergency drill design and development theoretical framework technical essentials
分类号:
X913.4
DOI:
10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2019.05.001
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
突发事件应急决策模拟演练是提升参演主体应急处置能力的重要途径,该类演练的设计开发需要系统性的理论与技术进行规范和引导。从实践归纳的角度,将该类演练的设计划分为演练内容设计和演练形式开发2部分,详尽地分析演练内容设计中的4个核心要素(主题与目标、演练情景、演练任务和目标能力)和演练形式开发中的3项关键技术(控制流程、任务导入与方案输出、信息技术平台)。此外,着重介绍了突发事件应急决策模拟演练设计开发过程中容易混淆的几组概念关系,即“情景构建与应急演练的关系”、“应急预案与应急演练的关系”、“演练内容与演练形式的关系”、“演练中‘演’与‘练’的关系”。
Abstract:
The simulation drill on the emergency decisionmaking of emergencies is an important way to improve the emergency response ability of participants, and the design and development of this kind of drill need the systematic theories and technologies to standardize and guide. From the perspective of practice induction, the design of this kind of drill was divided into two parts: the design of drill contents and the development of drill forms, and four core elements in the design of drill contents (including subject and goal, drill scenario, drill task and target ability) and three key technologies in the development of drill forms (including control procedure, tasks import and scheme output, information technology platform) were analyzed in detail. In addition, several conceptual relationship which were easily confused in the design and development processes of emergency decisionmaking simulation drill were emphatically introduced, namely, the relationship between scenario construction and emergency drill, the relationship between emergency plan and emergency drill, the relationship between drill contents and drill forms, and the relationship between “acting” and “exercise” in the drill.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2019-05-06
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC0804900,2017YFC0804706);国家自然科学基金项目(91324020)
作者简介: 王永明,博士,高级工程师,主要研究方向为突发事件应急准备、重大突发事件情景构建、安全生产应急管理。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-06-11