|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]张杰,吴尚红,杨猛,等.喷头间距对城市隧道细水雾灭火的影响研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2018,14(12):119-123.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2018.12.019]
 ZHANG Jie,WU Shanghong,YANG Meng,et al.Research on influence of sprinkler spacing on water mist fire extinguishing in urban tunnel[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2018,14(12):119-123.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2018.12.019]
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喷头间距对城市隧道细水雾灭火的影响研究
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《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
14
期数:
2018年12期
页码:
119-123
栏目:
职业安全卫生管理与技术
出版日期:
2018-12-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Research on influence of sprinkler spacing on water mist fire extinguishing in urban tunnel
文章编号:
1673-193X(2018)-12-0119-05
作者:
张杰12吴尚红2杨猛2熊正2
(1.油气消防四川省重点实验室,四川 成都 611731;2.威特龙消防安全集团股份公司,四川 成都 611731)
Author(s):
ZHANG Jie12 WU Shanghong2 YANG Meng2 XIONG Zheng2
(1. Oil & Gas Fire Protection Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu Sichuan 611731, China;2. Weitelong Fire Safety Group Co., Ltd., Chengdu Sichuan 611731, China)
关键词:
城市隧道细水雾喷头间距温度分布烟气密度数值模拟
Keywords:
urban tunnel water mist sprinkler spacing temperature distribution smoke density numerical simulation
分类号:
X932
DOI:
10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2018.12.019
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为合理设置城市交通隧道细水雾自动灭火系统喷头间距,在实体隧道中进行了4种不同喷头间距的细水雾灭火实验,利用FDS软件模拟了8种喷头间距下细水雾对火灾温度、烟气密度的影响情况。研究结果表明:实验数据与模拟数据基本吻合;细水雾对隧道火灾抑制效果明显;喷头间距对火灾影响规律可划分为2个区域,对于Ⅰ区(间距<2.5 m),单位体积细水雾质量是影响细水雾灭火的最主要因素,对于Ⅱ区(间距≥2.5 m),细水雾灭火效果受单位体积细水雾质量、动量综合影响,并分别给出了温度、烟气密度与喷头间距的函数关系式;就宽6 m、高5 m的城市隧道而言,细水雾喷头间距宜设置为2.5 m。
Abstract:
In order to rationally set the sprinkler spacing of water mist automatic fire extinguishing system in the urban traffic tunnels, the experiments of water mist fire extinguishing under the conditions of four different sprinkler spacing were carried out in the real tunnel, and the influence of water mist on the fire temperature and smoke density under the conditions of eight sprinkler spacing was simulated by using FDS software. The results showed that the experimental data were basically consistent with the simulated data, and the suppression effect of water mist on the tunnel fire was obvious. The influence of sprinkler spacing on fire could be divided into two zones. For zone Ⅰ (spacing less than 2.5 m), the mass per unit volume of water mist was the uppermost factor affecting the water mist fire extinguishing. For zone Ⅱ (spacing no less than 2.5 m), the fire extinguishing effect of water mist was synthetically affected by the mass per unit volume and momentum of water mist. The functional relationship formulas of temperature and smoke density with the sprinkler spacing were proposed respectively. For the urban tunnel with the width of 6 m and the height of 5 m, the sprinkler spacing of water mist should be set as 2.5 m.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2018-11-30
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目子课题(2016YFC0800604);四川省科技计划项目(2017JZ0022)
作者简介: 张杰,硕士,工程师,主要研究方向为消防安全理论。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-01-03