|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]钟茂华,田向亮,刘畅,等.基于结构方程模型的地铁乘客安全行为影响因素分析[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2018,14(1):5-11.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2018.01.001]
 ZHONG Maohua,TIAN Xiangliang,LIU Chang,et al.Analysis on influence factors of safety behavior for metro passengers based on structural equation model[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2018,14(1):5-11.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2018.01.001]
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基于结构方程模型的地铁乘客安全行为影响因素分析
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《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
14
期数:
2018年1期
页码:
5-11
栏目:
学术论著
出版日期:
2018-01-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis on influence factors of safety behavior for metro passengers based on structural equation model
文章编号:
1673-193X(2018)-01-0005-07
作者:
钟茂华1田向亮2刘畅2何理3
(1.清华大学工程物理系 公共安全研究院,北京 100084;2.东北大学 资源与土木工程学院,辽宁 沈阳 110819; 3.中国安全生产科学研究院 地铁火灾与客流输运安全北京市重点实验室,北京 100029)
Author(s):
ZHONG Maohua1 TIAN Xiangliang2 LIU Chang2 HE Li3
(1. Institute of Public Safety Research, Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; 2. College of Resources and Civil Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang Liaoning 110819, China; 3.Beijing Key Laboratory of Metro Fire and Passenger Transportation Safety ,China Academy of Safety Science and Technology, Beijing 100029, China)
关键词:
地铁结构方程模型安全行为安全氛围安全知识安全培训
Keywords:
metro structural equation model safety behavior safety climate safety knowledge safety training
分类号:
X932
DOI:
10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2018.01.001
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了研究地铁乘客安全行为的影响因素,通过对北京、上海、广州、深圳等城市的地铁乘客的多项安全指标的抽样调查,建立了关于乘客安全行为的结构方程模型,研究了影响地铁乘客安全行为的主要因素。结果表明:良好的地铁安全氛围能有效提高乘客的安全知识水平、安全动机、安全心理水平、安全参与行为水平;安全参与行为水平同时受到乘客安全知识水平和乘客接受安全培训状况的影响,其中,乘客安全知识水平的高低取决于乘客接受安全培训状况;安全服从行为则与安全动机存在较强的正相关关系;乘客的安全心理水平只跟地铁安全氛围有关,安全氛围越好,乘客安全心理水平越高,安全知识作为中介变量同时影响着安全氛围与安全参与行为、安全培训与安全参与行为、安全氛围与安全动机以及安全培训与安全动机之间的关系,提高乘客安全知识水平是提高乘客安全行为水平的重要途径。
Abstract:
To study the influence factors of safety behavior for metro passengers, a structural equation model of passengers' safety behavior was established through the sampling survey on multiple safety indexes of metro passengers in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen, and the main influence factors of metro passengers' safety behavior were studied. The results showed that the good metro safety climate could effectively improve the safety knowledge level, safety motivation, safety psychology level and safety participation behavior level of passengers. The safety participation behavior level was affected by both the safety knowledge level and safety training state of passengers, in which the safety knowledge level of passengers depended on the safety training state of passengers. There existed a stronger positive correlation between the safety compliance behavior and the safety motivation. The safety psychology level of passengers was only related to the metro safety climate, the better the metro safety climate, the higher the safety psychology level of passengers. As an intervening variable, the safety knowledge influenced the relationship between the safety climate and safety participation behavior, the safety training and safety participation behavior, the safety climate and safety motivation, and the safety training and safety motivation at the same time. Therefore, improving the safety knowledge level of passengers is an important way to improve the safety behavior level of passengers.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0802500);国家自然科学基金项目(51425404,51674152)
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-02-12