|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]吴建军,金永兴,胡甚平,等.铝土矿海上运输安全风险研究综述[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2017,13(8):87-95.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2017.08.014]
 WU Jianjun,JIN Yongxing,HU Shenping,et al.Overview of safety risk research on marine transportation of bauxite[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2017,13(8):87-95.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2017.08.014]
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铝土矿海上运输安全风险研究综述
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《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
13
期数:
2017年8期
页码:
87-95
栏目:
现代职业安全卫生管理与技术
出版日期:
2017-08-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Overview of safety risk research on marine transportation of bauxite
文章编号:
1673-193X(2017)-08-0087-09
作者:
吴建军1金永兴1胡甚平1郭云龙12
(1.上海海事大学 商船学院,上海 201306;2.南通航运职业技术学院 航海系,江苏 南通 226010)
Author(s):
WU Jianjun1 JIN Yongxing1 HU Shenping1 GUO Yunlong12
(1. Merchant Marine College, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai 201306, China; 2. Department of Navigation, Nantong Shipping College, Nantong Jiangsu 226010, China)
关键词:
交通运输铝土矿易流态化固体散装货物安全风险耦合机理过程风险
Keywords:
transportation bauxite solid bulk cargoes which may liquefy safety risk coupling mechanism process risk
分类号:
X951
DOI:
10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2017.08.014
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
基于易流态化固体散装货物的定义,将具有类似特性的铝土矿作为研究对象,通过梳理易流态化固体散装货物海上运输风险的研究现状,评述2类研究方法——船舶与海洋工程方法和系统安全工程方法,探讨货物含水量及其本质物理属性作为热点的研究脉络,研讨作为承载工具的船舶适装性及其稳性特征,论述自然环境对船舶和货物的影响,探究船舶营运的全过程风险,归纳了有关流态化机理的研究结论。铝土矿安全运输的研究和实践表明国际航运业对铝土矿船运时的流态化机理尚不清晰、研究方法不足、应对措施不强,展望未来应开展以下工作:健全铝土矿海上运输监管机制、强化铝土矿与散货船的耦合机理研究、开展铝土矿运输船舶营运的过程风险研究、推进铝土矿海运安全风险管理的智能化。
Abstract:
Based on the definition of solid bulk cargoes which may liquefy, the bauxite with the similar characteristics was taken as the research object. Through hackling the current status of research on marine transportation risk of solid bulk cargoes which may liquefy, two kinds of research methods including the ship and marine engineering method and the system safety engineering method were reviewed. The research context of taking the water content and the essential physical properties of cargoes as the hotspot was studied, and the fitness and stability characteristics of ship as the carrying tool were discussed. The influence of natural environment on the ship and cargo was expounded, then the whole process risk of ship operation was explored, and the research conclusions about the fluidization mechanism were summarized. The research and practice on safety transportation of bauxite showed that for the shipping of bauxite in the international shipping industry, the fluidization mechanism was not clear, the research methods were insufficient, and the countermeasures were not strong. Looking to the future, the following work should be carried out, such as improving the supervision mechanism on marine transportation of bauxite, strengthening the research on coupling mechanism of bauxite and bulk carrier, conducting the study on the process risk of bauxite carrier operation, and promoting the intelligence of safety risk management on marine transportation of bauxite.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家自然科学基金项目(11671416);中国博士后科学基金项目(2016M591651)
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-09-11