|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]陈海涛,刘占,靳红雨,等.双出口疏散吸引区域模型建立与模拟分析[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2017,13(7):55-61.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2017.07.009]
 CHEN Haitao,LIU Zhan,JIN Hongyu,et al.Modeling and simulation analysis on evacuation attraction region model for double exits[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2017,13(7):55-61.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2017.07.009]
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双出口疏散吸引区域模型建立与模拟分析
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《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
13
期数:
2017年7期
页码:
55-61
栏目:
职业安全卫生管理与技术
出版日期:
2017-07-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Modeling and simulation analysis on evacuation attraction region model for double exits
文章编号:
1673-193X(2017)-07-0055-07
作者:
陈海涛12刘占1靳红雨1杨鹏 3
(1.中国人民武装警察部队学院 消防指挥系,河北 廊坊 065000;2.灭火救援技术公安部重点实验室,河北 廊坊 065000;3.北京市信息服务工程重点实验室,北京 100101)
Author(s):
CHEN Haitao12 LIU Zhan1 JIN Hongyu1 YANG Peng3
(1. Department of Fire Command, the Chinese People's Armed Police Forces Academy, Langfang Hebei 065000, China; 2. Key Laboratory of Fire Fighting and Rescuing Technology of Ministry of Public Security, Langfang Hebei 065000, China; 3. Beijing Key Laboratory of Information Service Engineering, Beijing 100101, China)
关键词:
公共安全建筑安全出口疏散吸引区域疏散模拟疏散优化
Keywords:
public safety building safety exit evacuation attraction region evacuation simulation evacuation optimization
分类号:
X959
DOI:
10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2017.07.009
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为研究建筑体内人员疏散的出口选择行为,提出基于元胞自动机的人员疏散模型。以学校常见的双出口教室为例进行研究,建立双出口疏散吸引区域模型,得出人员密度较低和较高时疏散吸引区域边界的函数表达式,指出人员密度较高时,边界函数基本满足边界到出口距离的平方之比等于出口的宽度之比;通过对出口宽度、人员数量和出口位置等参量进行仿真分析,充分验证了提出的双出口疏散吸引区域模型的合理性;研究结果有助于合理分配疏散人员,充分发挥建筑疏散的潜在能力。
Abstract:
In order to study the behavior of exit selection during the process of personnel evacuation in building, a personnel evacuation model based on cellular automata (CA) was put forward. Taking the common classroom with double exits in the school as example, an evacuation attraction region model for double exits was established, and the function expressions on the boundary of evacuation attraction region under the lower and higher personnel densities were obtained. The results showed that when the personnel density was higher, the boundary function basically accorded with the relationship that the ratio of the square on the distance from boundary to exit was equal to the ratio of the exit width. Through the simulation analysis on the parameters of exit width, personnel quantity and exit position, the rationality of the proposed evacuation attraction region model for double exits was fully verified. The results contribute to distribute the evacuation personnel reasonably, and fully play the potential ability of building evacuation.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
灭火救援技术公安部重点实验室开放课题 (KF201505);中国人民武装警察部队学院博士科研计划课题(建筑疏散分区优化和动态指示引导研究)
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-08-21