|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]宋智博,王峰,王成硕.基于HAZOP分析的加氢装置工程设计方法[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2012,8(6):143.
 SONG Zhi bo,WANG Feng,WANG Cheng shuo.Engineering design approach based on HAZOP analysis method for hydrogenation unit[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2012,8(6):143.
点击复制

基于HAZOP分析的加氢装置工程设计方法
分享到:

《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
8
期数:
2012年6期
页码:
143
栏目:
出版日期:
2012-06-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Engineering design approach based on HAZOP analysis method for hydrogenation unit
作者:
宋智博12 王峰1 王成硕1
(1北京化工大学,国家危险化学品生产系统故障预防与监控 基础研究实验室,北京 100029) (2中国石化工程建设公司,北京 100101)
Author(s):
SONG Zhibo12 WANG Feng1 WANG Chengshuo1
(1. National Foundation Research Laboratory of Fau(1. National Foundation Research Laboratory of Fault Prevention and Control in Hazardous Chemicals Production System,  Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China) (2. SINOPEC Engine
关键词:
HAZOP参数敏感性影响程度安全设计
Keywords:
hazard and operability parameter sensitivity influence extent safety design
分类号:
X937
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
加氢装置属甲类火灾、爆炸危险生产装置。为了在设计阶段尽可能消除或控制潜在风险,本文总结了多套加氢装置HAZOP分析报告中的设备类别及其分析内容,提出了基于危险与可操作性(HAZOP)分析的加氢装置工程设计方法。在传统工程设计方法的基础上增加了参数敏感性工程设计方法,依据分析报告中的设计建议,利用ASPEN软件计算过程参数变化对目标参数的影响程度,确定参数稳定操作区域;建立了数据库管理界面实现了加氢装置工程安全设计经验知识的有序管理。应用基于HAZOP分析的加氢装置工程设计方法,有助于将安全隐患问题在设计阶段消除或加以控制,可为降低石化装置改造成本和提高装置的安全水平提供方法依据。
Abstract:
Hydrogenation unit is ranked as the first dangerous production equipment in fire and explosion grade. In order to eliminate or control risk in the design period, this paper summarizes equipment types and analysis content from the HAZOP analysis reports of different hydrogenation units, and presents an engineering design approach based on the HAZOP analysis method for a hydrogenation unit. HAZOP analysis has been widely used in chemical process industries. In an analysis process, P&ID should be examined by a multidisciplinary team of experts systematically, and all conceivable deviations far from design intentions in the plant can be identified and all the possible abnormal causes and the adverse consequences of those deviations can be determined. Compared with the traditional engineering design method, parameter sensitivity engineering design method has been added. The influence extent of some parameter variations to the object parameters should be computed by the ASPEN program to determine the steady operation region according to the design suggestions offered in the analysis reports, and a database could be established to regularly manage experience knowledge for the engineering safety design. Therefore, application of the engineering design approach based on the HAZOP analysis method for the hydrogenation unit may help to eliminate or control risk in the design period and will provide technical basis to reduce the reconstruct costs and improve the safety levels of the petrochemical devices.

参考文献/References:

-

相似文献/References:

[1]齐海桃,蒋军成.HAZOP技术在氨合成塔危险辨识中的应用[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2011,7(3):104.
 QI Hai-tao,JIANG Jun-cheng.Application of HAZOP in hazard indentification of ammonia converter[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2011,7(6):104.
[2]张悦,石超,方来华.基于FMEA和HAZOP的综合分析方法及应用研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2011,7(7):146.
 ZHANG Yue SHI Chao FANG Lai-hua.Comprehensive Analytical Method and Its Application Based on FMEA and HAZOP[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2011,7(6):146.
[3]张艳辉,陈晓春.改进的HAZOP风险评价方法[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2011,7(7):174.
 ZHANG Yan-hui,CHEN Xiao-chun.Improved HAZOP Risk Assessment Method[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2011,7(6):174.
[4]吴济民.国外化工企业工艺安全技术管理概述[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2011,7(7):192.
 WU Jimin.Summarization of Process Safety Management of Foreign Chemical Enterprises[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2011,7(6):192.
[5]许兰娟,周江涛,曹青.基于动态SDG模型的间歇过程HAZOP方法研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2011,7(9):162.
 XU Lan-juan,ZHOU Jiang-tao,CAO Qing.Study of HAZOP analysis for batch processes based on dynamic SDG model[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2011,7(6):162.
[6]白永忠.HAZOP技术在炼油火炬系统工艺危害分析中的应用[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2011,7(10):106.
 BAI Yong-zhong.Application of HAZOP in the process hazard analysis of petrochemical flare system[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2011,7(6):106.
[7]曹涛,张华兵,周利剑,等.HAZOP在油气管道站场风险分析中的应用实践[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2011,7(10):129.
 CAO Tao,ZHANG Hua-bing,ZHOU Li-jian,et al.Application of HAZOP study in risk analysis of pipeline station[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2011,7(6):129.
[8]孙文勇,许芝瑞.基于三角模糊数的HAZOP分析在石油化工装置中的应用[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2012,8(2):164.
 SUN Wen yong,XU Zhi rui.Application of HAZOP analysis in the petrochemical plant based on triangular fuzzy numbers[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2012,8(6):164.
[9]梁爽,孙文勇,姜拥军.HAZOP分析方法在石油工业上游业务中的应用[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2012,8(6):152.
 LIANG Shuang,SUN Wen yong,JIANG Yong jun.Application of HAZOP analysis on upstream business in petroceum industry[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2012,8(6):152.
[10]白永忠,蒋军成.HAZOP与风险矩阵组合技术应用研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2012,8(8):121.
 BAI Yong zhong,JIANG Jun cheng.Study on the application of combination technique by HAZOP and risk matrix[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2012,8(6):121.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
973项目(编号:2012CB026000);国家十二五科技支撑项目(编号:2011BAK06B02);国家自然基金重点项目(编号:51135001);中央高校业务经费项目(编号:JD1103)
更新日期/Last Update: 2012-08-03