|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]刘景凯.“不谴责”安全文化的机理与运用[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2011,7(6):87-91.
 LIU Jing-kai.No-blame safety culture’s principle and practice[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2011,7(6):87-91.
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“不谴责”安全文化的机理与运用()
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《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
7
期数:
2011年6期
页码:
87-91
栏目:
职业安全卫生管理与技术
出版日期:
2011-06-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
No-blame safety culture’s principle and practice
文章编号:
1673-193X(2011)-06-0087-05
作者:
刘景凯
中国石油天然气集团公司安全环保部,北京? 100007
Author(s):
LIU Jing-kai
Safety & Environment Dept. of China National Petroleum Corporation, Beijing? 100007, China
关键词:
行为安全不谴责公平公正安全文化
Keywords:
safety behaviors no-blame just and fair safety culture
分类号:
X92
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
事故调查的根本目的在于查找事故的可能原因并提出事故的预防措施,而事故调查的独立性对此根本目的起关键作用。我国安全生产管理体制建设起步较晚,事故管理机制发展不成熟,与国外先进事故调查理念相比,我国事故调查机制缺乏独立性的保障,主要表现在技术调查与司法调查未能分离、事故调查报告未能完全公开、事故调查的客观性保障不足,限制了我国事故调查水平的进一步提高。通过分析国外第三方事故调查的机制的优势并结合我国国情,从第三方事故调查的任务、人员编制、人员培训、责任与权利、法律义务等方面提出我国第三方事故调查机制的框架,并规划了构建第三方事故调查的三阶段进程及其主要内容,以逐步实现第三方事故调查的公正、客观、高效,更好地促进我国安全生产管理水平的提高。
Abstract:
In recent years, the concept of thinking Safety First has been deeply rooted in people’s mind and production safety is being considerably improved. However, it is still noticed that the accidents arising from violation of regulations and unsafe behaviors by personnel are still not eliminated and even on the rise. In view of this fact, the human factors have become a significant subject matter attracting wide attention and deep researches in the academic circles of production safety. On the one hand, through the studies on safe behavior and analysis of the management system, it is highlighted that the completeness, effectiveness, operability and receptivity of personnel may have influence on their compliance of regulations and safe behaviors. On the other hand, the problems concerning violation of regulations by personnel can not be properly solved if strict punishment or other disciplinary rules are recklessly resorted to treating all the violations and unsafe behaviors, without any distinction and analysis of deep-seated reasons. This paper expounds the principle of no-blame safety culture construction through overall analysis of safe behaviors of personnel, establishment of rules & regulations and the management system, and proposes specific measures of no-blame safety culture based on fairness and justice, which has significance on guiding the solution of some problems existing in the current safety management activities of enterprises.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2011-02-11
作者简介:刘景凯,教授级高级工程师。
更新日期/Last Update: