|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]承奇,郭燕秋,张礼敬,等.石化企业危险化工工艺风险等级评估指标体系研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2011,7(10):89-92.
 CHENG Qi,GUO Yan-qiu,ZHANG Li-jing,et al.Study on index system of dangerous chemical processes risk rank for petroleum chemical enterprise[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2011,7(10):89-92.
点击复制

石化企业危险化工工艺风险等级评估指标体系研究()
分享到:

《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
7
期数:
2011年10期
页码:
89-92
栏目:
职业安全卫生管理与技术
出版日期:
2011-10-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Study on index system of dangerous chemical processes risk rank for petroleum chemical enterprise
文章编号:
1673-193X(2011)-10-0089-04
作者:
承奇1郭燕秋2张礼敬3陶刚3曾晓3
1.常州市消防支队,常州? 213003
2.南京市安全生产监督管理局,南京? 210019
3.南京工业大学城市建设与安全工程学院,南京? 210009
Author(s):
CHENG Qi1 GUO Yan-qiu2 ZHANG Li-jing3 TAO Gang3 ZENG Xiao3
1. Changzhou Fire Detachment, Changzhou? 213017, China
2. Administration of Work Safety of Nanjing Municipality, Nanjing? 210019, China
3. School of Urban Construction and Safety Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing? 210009, China
关键词:
风险等级危险化工工艺本质安全指标体系
Keywords:
risk rank dangerous chemical process inherent safety index system
分类号:
X937
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
随着石化企业的迅猛发展,危险化学品的用量不断增加,生产工艺和条件也越趋苛刻,在带来巨大经济效益的同时,也存在重大安全事故隐患,因此石化企业危险工艺的风险评估显得尤为重要。考虑到目前国内还没有能够比较科学完整地评估石化企业危险化工工艺风险等级的安全评价方法,在国家安监总局划分的15种危险化工工艺的基础上,根据危险化工工艺表征涉及的影响因素,结合化工工艺的实际情况,选择具有典型代表意义的重要性评价指标作为研究对象,将危险化工工艺风险等级分为工艺固有危险性以及安全补偿两部分,其中固有危险性又分为目标层、准则层和因素层3个层次。采用理论分析法与专家咨询法筛选指标,最终建立了由67个具体指标组成的动态指标体系,从而为政府和企业加强安全管理提供了便利,进一步实现石化企业的本质安全化。
Abstract:
With the dramatic development of petrochemical industry, the consumption of dangerous chemicals has been increasing and the technical conditions have become more and more harsh. The huge industrial profit is also accompanied by lots of potential security problems. Therefore, the risk evaluation of the petrochemical process is especially important. Considering that there is no good safety assessment method to assess the risk level of the petrochemical process completely. Therefore, this paper is on the basis of 15 dangerous chemical processes which are divided by the Chinese Administration of Safety. According to the factors related to the characterization of dangerous chemical processes and the practical chemical crafts, the paper picks up some important and typical evaluation targets as objects, and points out that the technical risk rank can be two parts. One is inherent risk, and the other is safety allowance. Inherent risk can be divided into 3 levels: the aim level, the rule level, and the factors level. At last, under the guide of theory analysis and experts consultation, a dynamic index system made up by 67 specific targets is established. This evaluation system will help government and enterprises to strengthen their security management, and carry out the inherent safety of petrochemical industry.Keywords: risk rank dangerous chemical process inherent safety index system

参考文献/References:

[1] 刘茂,吴宗之.应急救援概论——应急救援系统及计划[M].北京:2004 Liu Mao,Wu Zongzhi.introduction to Emergency Rescuethe —— system and programs of Emergency rescue.Beijing:2004[2] 路晓宇,柳荣漳,姚院平等.浅析某石化企业反事故演练的成功经验[J].职业卫生与应急救援,2007,25(2):87~88 Lu Xiaoyu,Liu Rongzhang,Yao Yuanping.discuss the successful experience of anti-accident drill petrochemical enterprise in a petrochemical enterprise[J].Occupational Health and Emergency Rescue,2007,25(2):87~88[3] 郭铜修. 基于风险评价技术的企业安全评估体系应用研究[J]. 中国安全生产科学技术,2008,4(5):19~23 Guo Tongxiu. Applying study on enterprise safety assessment system basedon risk evaluation techniques [J]. Journal of Safety Science and Technology, 2008, 4(5):19~23[4] 冯世良.加强安全管理落实安全发展[J].中国石油和化工经济分析,2006,13:14~16 Feng Shiliang.Implement security and development to enhance safety management[J].Economic Analysis China Petroleum and Chemical Industry,2006,13:14~16[5] 何川, 刘功智, 任智刚, 王善文. 国外灾害风险评估模型对比分析[J]. 中国安全生产科学技术,2010,6(5):148~153 He Chuan, Liu Gong zhi, Ren Zhi-gang, Wang Shan-wen. Comparative analysis of several worldw ide disaster risk assessmentmodels [J]. Journal of Safety Science and Technology, 2010,6(5):148~153[6] 雷芳.危险化学品安全指标评价指标体系的研究[D].武汉:中国地质大学,2004,6~7 Lei Fang.the research of the evaluation index system of hazardous chemical secure indicators [D].Wuhan:China University of Geosciences,2004,6~7[7] 黄飞.道路危险货物运输安全评价指标体系研究[D].武汉:武汉理工大学,2008,34Huang Fei.the research of index of road transport of road dangerous goods safety evaluation[D].Wuhan:Wuhan University of Technology[8] 崔克清,张礼敬,陶刚.化工安全设计[M].北京:化学工业出版社,2004:230~235Cui Keqing,Zhang Lijing, Tao Gang.Safety Design of Chemical Process[M].Beijing: Chemical Industry Press,2004:230~235[9] 曾晓,张礼敬,陶刚,徐宝平. 危险化工工艺风险辨识方法研究[J]. 工业安全与环保,2011,6 Zengxiao, Zhang Lijing, Tao Gang, Xubaoping. Research on Risk Identification of Dangerous Chemical Process[J]. Industrial safety and environmental protection , 2011, 6[10] 赵铁锤,杨富,王如君等.安全评价[M].北京:煤炭工业出版社2004.Zhao Tiechui,Yang Fu,Wang Rujun.Safety Assessment[M].Beijing:China Coal Industry Press,2004:230~235

相似文献/References:

[1]曹涛,张华兵,周利剑,等.HAZOP在油气管道站场风险分析中的应用实践[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2011,7(10):129.
 CAO Tao,ZHANG Hua-bing,ZHOU Li-jian,et al.Application of HAZOP study in risk analysis of pipeline station[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2011,7(10):129.
[2]生迎夏,承奇,曾晓,等.纺织工业中火花探测熄灭系统的应用[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2012,8(3):96.
 SHENG Ying xia,CHENG Qi,ZENG Xiao,et al.Index decomposition of dangerous chemical processes risk rank for[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2012,8(10):96.
[3]生迎夏,曾〓晓,王益敏,等.埋地石油管道交流腐蚀风险等级评估[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2012,8(10):108.
 SHENG Ying xia,ZENG Xiao,WANG Yi min,et al.Risk rank evaluation on AC corrosion of buried oil pipeline[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2012,8(10):108.
[4]周仲园,陶〓刚,张礼敬,等.一种新型危险化工工艺安全评估方法的设计[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2012,8(9):118.
 ZHOU Zhong yuan,TAO Gang,ZHANG Li jing,et al.Design of a new method for safety assessment on dangerous chemical process[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2012,8(10):118.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2011-03-31
作者简介:承奇,助理工程师,硕士研究生。
基金项目:国家863计划资助项目(编号:2007AA06A402)
更新日期/Last Update: