|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]唐永,邢志祥.高层建筑火灾安全疏散研究述评[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2011,7(10):56-59.
 TANG Yong,XING Zhi-xiang.Review on study of evacuation?in high-rise?bulding fire[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2011,7(10):56-59.
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高层建筑火灾安全疏散研究述评()
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《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
7
期数:
2011年10期
页码:
56-59
栏目:
学术论著
出版日期:
2011-10-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Review on study of evacuation?in high-rise?bulding fire
文章编号:
1673-193X(2011)-10-0056-04
作者:
唐永邢志祥
常州大学环境与安全工程学院,常州? 213164
Author(s):
TANG Yong XING Zhi-xiang
Institute of Environmental & Engineering Changzhou University, Changzhou? 213164, China
关键词:
火灾安全疏散设计计算机模型
Keywords:
fire evacuation design computer models
分类号:
X928.7
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
火灾条件下的高层建筑安全疏散研究已成为国内外研究的热点。介绍了高层建筑安全疏散设计及高层建筑人员疏散模拟两种主要研究方法在高层建筑安全疏散研究上的应用。首先说明了高层建筑安全疏散设计经历了一个从处方式安全疏散设计到性能化安全疏散设计的转变,分析了国内外在高层建筑性能化安全疏散设计上的发展,并列出了性能化安全疏散设计在实施中存在的问题;其次介绍了应用于高层建筑人员疏散的仿真模型,设想了高层建筑计算机模型的发展趋势;最后结合高层建筑火灾安全疏散目前存在的问题和不足,对高层建筑火灾安全疏散做出展望。
Abstract:
The analysis of evacuation problems in high-rise buildings under fire conditions has become an increasingly important research area although in China, or in the other countries. Two mainly research methods named high-rise buildings evacuation design approach and high-rise buildings evacuation computer models research concerning high-rise buildings fire were described in this paper based on a great many of available published literature. Firstly, It proposed that the high-rise building evacuation design approach is experiencing a change from prescriptive approach to performance-based one, the development of the performance-based design approach and the difficult of the implementation of it were also discussed respectively in this part. Secondly, It simply described the advanced computer models both at home and abroad based on high-rise buildings evacuation by describing the generation methods and the characteristics of those evacuation models and the development trend of the high-rise buildings evacuation models in the future researches. Lastly, Inherent problems and difficulties about 6 items which focus on the high-buildings evacuation design approach and computer models were attempted to critically analyze in this article. After that, The probability of the future high-rise building evacuation researches especially the development trend of the advanced computer models were proposed in the last part.

参考文献/References:

[1] 杜文丽.设有中庭的高层建筑防火安全疏散设计的研究[D].武汉:武汉理工大学,2005,5-15.[2] 马骏驰,李杰,周锡元.考虑火场环境实时作用下的人群疏散仿真研究[J].中国安全科学学报,2007,17(7):20-25.[3] Tavares R M. An analysis of the fire safety codes in Brazil: Is the performance-based approach the best practice?[J]. Fire Safety Journal, 2009, 44: 749-755. [4] Croce P A, Grosshandler W L, Bukowski R W, et al. The international FORUM of fire research directors: A position paper on performance-based design for fire code applications[J]. Fire Safety Journal, 2008, 43: 234-236.[5] 马莉莉.建筑消防过程中人员安全疏散问题的计算机模拟研究[D].武汉:武汉大学,2004,4-16.[6] 阎卫东,陈宝智,钟茂华.建筑物火灾时人员疏散时间模型研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2006,2(2):19-23.[7] Shen T S. ESM: a building evacuation simulation model[J]. Building and Environment, 2005, 40(5): 671-680.[8] Chua G Q, Chen T, Sun Z H, et al. Probabilistic risk assessment for evacuees in building fires[J]. Building and Environment, 2007, 42(3): 1283-1290.[9] 温晓虎,贾水库,林大建,等.高层建筑火灾安全疏散评估方法研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2008,4(2):65-68.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2011-03-08
基金项目:江苏省科技支撑计划项目(编号:BE2009624);江苏省城市与工业安全重点实验室开放课题项目(编号:2008UIS004)资助
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