|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]颜向农,肖国清,李思慧.火灾疏散中羊群效应的理论探析与模拟研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2011,7(4):46-51.
 YAN Xiang-nong,XIAO Guo-qing,LI Si-hui.Theoretical analysis and simulation study of herd behaviour in fire evacuation[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2011,7(4):46-51.
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火灾疏散中羊群效应的理论探析与模拟研究()
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《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
7
期数:
2011年4期
页码:
46-51
栏目:
学术论著
出版日期:
2011-04-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Theoretical analysis and simulation study of herd behaviour in fire evacuation
文章编号:
1673-193X(2011)-04-0046-06
作者:
颜向农13肖国清2李思慧13
1.湖南安全技术职业学院,长沙? 410100
2.湖南科技大学能源与安全学院,湘潭? 411201
3.湖南德雷机电工程有限公司,长沙? 410011
Author(s):
YAN Xiang-nong13 XIAO Guo-qing2 LI Si-hui13
1. Hunan Vocational Institute of Safety Technology, Changsha? 410100, China
2. School of Energy and Safety Technology, Hunan University of Science and Technology, Xiangtan? 411201, China
3. Hunan Delei Electrical & Mechanical Engineer Co., Ltd, Changsha? 410011, China
关键词:
火灾疏散羊群效应信息模拟随机性
Keywords:
fire evacuation herd behavior information simulation randomness
分类号:
X921
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
将羊群效应这个社会行为学概念引申到火灾安全科学领域,运用信息阶梯式传播的社会心理学理论,解释紧急疏散中可能存在的羊群效应。以"信息传播"和"情感传染"的视角,分析了羊群效应的形成过程、机理和特征,同时指出羊群效应的两种随机性。以某大型阅览室为例,运用计算机数值模拟和虚拟现实技术,设置多种有羊群行为的疏散场景,测试羊群效应及两种随机性对疏散的影响。结论表明:非理性的羊群效应显著增加了必须疏散时间,降低了群体疏散效率和人员疏散可靠性,增大了疏散失败和拥挤踩踏的风险。建议火灾风险评价、应急预案制定和疏散设计应考虑羊群行为等极端情况下对疏散出口个数、疏散出口宽度、疏散距离、疏散路线、疏散方式的影响。
Abstract:
Herd behavior, a social behavior conception is introduced into fire safety science. The possible herd behavior in fire evacuation is illustrated by informational cascade theory of social psychology. The forming process, mechanism, characteristic and randomness of herd behavior are analyzed in view of "information cascade " and "emotional contagion ". The computer simulation and virtual reality technology is adopt, and irrational herd behavior and randomness in evacuation is tested in a reading room. A conclusion which irrational herd has significant effect on request safety evacuation time. Lowering group effect of evacuation and human reliability, increasing probability of failure is drawn. A suggestion is given which herd behavior must be considered in evacuation design, fire risk assessment and emergency preplan including exit number , exit width, evacuation distance, exit path, evacuation way.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2010-12-20
通讯作者:颜向农,注册安全工程师。
基金项目:中国科技大学火灾科学国家重点实验室开放课题(编号:HZ2006-KF06,HZ2008-KF04)
更新日期/Last Update: