|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]李琰,杨森.行为经济学视角下矿工不安全行为仿真分析[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2018,14(1):18-23.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2018.01.003]
 LI Yan,YANG Sen.Simulation analysis on unsafe behavior of miners in perspective of behavioral economics[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2018,14(1):18-23.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2018.01.003]
点击复制

行为经济学视角下矿工不安全行为仿真分析
分享到:

《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
14
期数:
2018年1期
页码:
18-23
栏目:
学术论著
出版日期:
2018-01-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Simulation analysis on unsafe behavior of miners in perspective of behavioral economics
文章编号:
1673-193X(2018)-01-0018-06
作者:
李琰杨森
(西安科技大学 管理学院,陕西 西安 710054)
Author(s):
LI Yan YANG Sen
(School of Management, Xi'an University of Science & Technology, Xi'an Shaanxi 710054, China)
关键词:
行为经济学不安全行为Netlogo仿真
Keywords:
behavioral economics unsafe behavior Netlogo simulation
分类号:
X936
DOI:
10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2018.01.003
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了分析影响矿工不安全行为决策的成本收益因素,扩展不安全行为的研究方向,基于行为经济学,构建矿工不安全行为决策模型,模型包括矿工属性、管理者属性以及矿工之间的交互影响规则。利用Netlogo工具进行仿真模拟,探讨不同影响因素对不安全行为产生的影响程度。结果表明:正向激励水平对抑制不安全行为效果显著,同时,维持合理的工作时间对保障安全生产意义重大,从而为煤矿企业控制不安全行为提供思路。
Abstract:
To analyze the cost-benefit factors influencing the decision-making in unsafe behavior of miners, and extend the research directions of unsafe behavior, a decision-making model of miners' unsafe behavior was constructed based on the behavioral economics, which included the properties of miners and managers, as well as the interactive influence rules between the miners. The simulation was conducted by using Netlogo, and the influence degree of different influencing factors on the generation of unsafe behavior was discussed. The results showed that the positive incentive level has significant effect on suppressing the unsafe behavior, meanwhile, maintaining the reasonable working hours is of great significance for ensuring the work safety. It provides the idea for coal mining enterprises to control the unsafe behavior.

参考文献/References:

[1]HOFMANN D A, STETZER A. The Role of Safety Climate and Communication in Accident Interpretation: Implications for Learning from Negative Events[J]. Academy of Management Journal, 1998, 41(6):644-657.
[2]MISAWA R, INADOMI K, YAMAGUCHI H. Psychological factors contributing to unsafe behavior in train drivers[J]. Shinrigaku Kenkyu the Japanese Journal of Psychology, 2006, 77(2):132.
[3]CHOI B, LEE S H. Role of Social Norms and Social Identifications in Safety Behavior of Construction Workers. II: Group Analyses for the Effects of Cultural Backgrounds and Organizational Structures on Social Influence Process[J]. Journal of Construction Engineering & Management, 2016:04016125.
[4]MOHAMMADFAM I, GHASEMI F, KALATPOUR O, et al. Constructing a Bayesian network model for improving safety behavior of employees at workplaces[J]. Applied Ergonomics, 2017, 58:35-47.
[5]李磊, 田水承. 煤矿工人不安全行为组合干预仿真研究[J]. 中国安全科学学报, 2016, 26(7):23-28. LI Lei,TIAN Shuicheng.Simulation research on combination intervention in coal miners' unsafe behaviors [J]. China Safety Science Journal,2016,26(7):23-28.
[6]程恋军, 仲维清. 矿工不安全行为DARF形成机制实证研究[J]. 中国安全生产科学技术, 2017, 13(2):107-113. CHENG Lianjun,ZHONG Weiqing.Study on DARF formation mechanism of miner’s unsafe behaviors [J]. Journal of Safety Science and Technology,2017,13(2):107-113.
[7]李乃文, 张丽, 牛莉霞. 工作压力、安全注意力与不安全行为的影响机理模型[J]. 中国安全生产科学技术, 2017, 13(6):14-19. LI Naiwen, ZHANG Li, NIU Lixia.Influencing mechanism model of work stress,safety attention and unsafe behavior [J]. Journal of Safety Science and Technology, 2017,13(6):14-19.
[8]付全通, 张红桃. 行为经济学视角下矿工不安全行为决策研究[J]. 现代矿业, 2014(11):1-3. FU Quantong, ZHANG Hongtao.Decision-making research on the miner’s unsafe behavior from the perpective of behavioral economics[J].Moden mining, 2014(11):1-3.
[9]户晓坤, 郭旭新. 理性与情绪:从行为经济学视角看不确定条件下的个体选择[J]. 新疆社会科学(汉文版), 2013(2):16-21. HU Xiaokun, GUO Xuxin.Rationality and emotion: individual choice under uncertain conditions from the perspective of behavioral economics [J]. Social Sciences in Xinjiang, 2013(2):16-21.
[10]TVERSKY A, KAHNEMAN D. Advances in prospect theory: Cumulative representation of uncertainty[J]. Journal of Risk & Uncertainty, 1992, 5(4):297-323.
[11]牛莉霞, 刘谋兴, 李乃文,等. 基于ABMS的矿工习惯性违章行为演化仿真[J]. 中国安全科学学报, 2015, 25(11):34-40. NIU Lixia,LIU Mouxing,LI Naiwen,et al. Simulation of evolution of miners'habitual violation behavior based on ABMS [J]. China Safety Science Journal, 2015, 25(11):34-40.
[12]周凡. 行为经济学理论发展简述[J]. 现代经济信息, 2017(1): 410-411,413. ZHOU Fan. A brief introduction to the development of behavioral economics [J]. Modern economic information,2017(1):410-411,413.

相似文献/References:

[1]张艳姿,赵文涛.企业员工不安全行为影响因素量表的初步开发[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2011,7(12):152.
 ZHANG Yan-zi,ZHAO Wen-tao.Study on establishment of the unsafe behavior factors questionnaire for enterprise employees[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2011,7(1):152.
[2]刘怀增,熊亮,伍东.海洋石油作业现场安全管理探讨[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2012,8(5):129.
 LIU Huai zeng,XIONG Liang,WU Dong.Application of 5 noworks in work site safety management[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2012,8(1):129.
[3]刘双跃,陈丽娜,周佩玲,等.矿工不安全行为致因分析及控制[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2013,9(1):158.
 LIU Shuang yue,CHEN Li na,ZHOU Pei ling,et al.Cause analysis and control measures of miners’ unsafe behaviors[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2013,9(1):158.
[4]刘双跃,江飞,曲静媛.煤矿中人员角色与不安全行为的动态灰色关联分析[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2013,9(3):171.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2013.03.31]
 LIU Shuang yue,JIANG Fei,QU Jing yuan.Dynamic grey relativity analysis of human role and unsafe behavior in coal mine[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2013,9(1):171.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2013.03.31]
[5]梁振东.人口统计学特征与不安全行为及其意向的关系研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2014,10(1):46.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2014.01.007]
 LIANG Zhen dong.Study on relationship of demographic characteristics with unsafe behavior and unsafe behavioral intention[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2014,10(1):46.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2014.01.007]
[6]薛韦一,刘泽功.组织管理因素对矿工不安全心理行为影响的调查研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2014,10(3):184.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2014.03.032]
 XUE Wei yi,LIU Ze gong.Investigation on effects of organization and management factors on unsafe psychology and unsafe behavior of coal miners[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2014,10(1):184.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2014.03.032]
[7]潘成林,杨振宏,何小访.基于杜邦STOP系统及行为安全理论的非煤矿山不安全行为研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2014,10(5):174.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2014.05.029]
 PAN Cheng lin,YANG Zhen hong,HE Xiao fang.The Study of of Non-coal mine unsafe behavior based on Du Pont STOP system and behavior safety theory[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2014,10(1):174.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2014.05.029]
[8]梁振东.基于ANP的煤矿员工非意向不安全行为影响因素研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2014,10(11):157.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2014.11.027]
 LIANG Zhen-dong.Study on influencing factors of non-intentional unsafe behavior for coal miners based on ANP[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2014,10(1):157.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2014.11.027]
[9]王永刚,侯晓迪.基于SEM的维修资源管理对机务人员不安全行为的影响研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2015,11(1):110.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2015.01.018]
 WANG Yong-gang,HOU Xiao-di.Study on influence to unsafe behavior of aircraft maintenance personnel by maintenance resource management based on SEM[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2015,11(1):110.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2015.01.018]
[10]叶贵,段帅亮,汪红霞.建筑工人不安全行为致因研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2015,11(2):170.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2015.02.028]
 YE Gui,DUAN Shuai-liang,WANG Hong-xia.Study on causation of unsafe behaviors for construction workers[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2015,11(1):170.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2015.02.028]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家自然科学基金(51604216);陕西省科技厅项目(2016KRM088);陕西省教育厅项目(14JZ026,15JZ036);陕西省社科基金项目(2015R043);西安科技大学项目(2014SX07,15BY46,2018SZ04)
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-02-12