|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]刘玉姣,朱宝岩.中国煤矿工人心理健康状况的元分析[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2016,12(6):187-192.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2016.06.033]
 LIU Yujiao,ZHU Baoyan.Meta-analysis on mental health of coal miners in China[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2016,12(6):187-192.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2016.06.033]
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中国煤矿工人心理健康状况的元分析
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《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
12
期数:
2016年6期
页码:
187-192
栏目:
现代职业安全卫生管理与技术
出版日期:
2016-06-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Meta-analysis on mental health of coal miners in China
作者:
刘玉姣朱宝岩
(辽宁工程技术大学 安全科学与工程学院,辽宁 葫芦岛 125105)
Author(s):
LIU Yujiao ZHU Baoyan
(College of Safety Science & Engineering, Liaoning Technical University, Huludao Liaoning 125105, China)
关键词:
煤矿工人心理健康SCL-90元分析横断历史研究
Keywords:
coal miners mental health SCL-90 meta-analysis cross-temporal meta-analysis
分类号:
X911
DOI:
10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2016.06.033
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为研究我国煤矿工人心理健康状况年代变化趋势,结合传统元分析与横断历史研究方法,选取2007-2014年基于症状自评量表(SCL-90)所得36组数据,分析25 546名煤矿工人在该量表9个因子得分均值的变化规律。结果表明:除“精神病性”外,煤矿工人SCL-90各因子得分均值与年代均呈负相关(-0.85~-0.02),其中“焦虑”、“敌对”与年代呈高度负相关,“躯体化”、“人际关系敏感”、“抑郁”与年代显著负相关;2007-2014年期间,煤矿工人的心理问题逐渐减少,心理健康水平稳步上升;与成人男性常模相比,煤矿工人在“躯体化”、“恐怖”方面的心理问题较突出;比较井下矿工与地面矿工在SCL-90得分均值发现井下矿工的心理健康水平明显低于地面矿工;分析2007-2014年间历年煤矿事故发生次数与煤矿工人SCL-90各因子得分发现,煤矿事故数越大,煤矿工人的总体心理健康水平越低。研究结果为煤矿工人安全管理措施及心理健康提升方案的制定提供量化依据。
Abstract:
In order to investigate the chronological changes in mental health of coal miners in China, combining the traditional meta-analysis method with the cross-temporal meta-analysis, and selecting 36 groups of data obtained by the Sympton Checklist 90 (SCL-90) from 2007 to 2014, the change laws of average scores on 9 factors in SCL-90 for 25546 coal miners were analyzed. The results showed that except the "psychoticism", all the average scores of each factor in SCL-90 for coal miners presented negative correlation with the years from -0.85 to -0.02, among which, the "anxiety" and "hostility" presented highly negative correlation with the years, and the "somatization", "interpersonal sensitivity" and "depression" presented obviously negative correlation with the years. In this period, the psychological problems of coal miners reduced gradually, and the mental health level rose steadily. Compared with the adult male norm, the psychological problems of coal miners were more serious in the aspects of "somatization" and "horror". By comparing the average scores of underground coal miners with ground coal miners on SCL-90, it was found that the mental health level of underground coal miners was obviously lower than that of ground coal miners. By analyzing the correlation between the frequency of coal mine accidents and the scores of each factor in SCL-90, it was found that the greater the frequency of coal mine accidents, the lower the total mental health level of coal miners. It can provide quantitative basis for development of safety management measures and mental health promotion plan for coal miners.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(51404126)
更新日期/Last Update: 2016-06-30