|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]吴亚敏,贾杰,杨坤,等.壳聚糖季铵盐的制备及其降尘性能研究[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2016,12(6):59-64.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2016.06.011]
 WU Yamin,JIA Jie,YANG Kun,et al.Study on preparation of chitosan quaternary ammonium salt and its dust suppression performance[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2016,12(6):59-64.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2016.06.011]
点击复制

壳聚糖季铵盐的制备及其降尘性能研究
分享到:

《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
12
期数:
2016年6期
页码:
59-64
栏目:
学术论著
出版日期:
2016-06-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Study on preparation of chitosan quaternary ammonium salt and its dust suppression performance
作者:
吴亚敏12贾杰12杨坤12贺敏敏12杨静12乔春光3
1. 山东科技大学 矿山灾害预防控制省部共建国家重点实验室培育基地,山东 青岛 266590;2. 山东科技大学 化学与环境工程学院,山东 青岛 266590;3.青岛双瑞海洋环境工程股份有限公司,山东 青岛 266590)
Author(s):
WU Yamin12 JIA Jie12 YANG Kun12 HE Minmin12 YANG Jing12 QIAO Chunguang3
(1. State Key Laboratories of Coal Mine Disaster Prevention and Control, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao Shandong 266590, China; 2. College of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao Shandong 266590, China; 3. Sunrui Marine Environment Engineering Co. , Ltd, Qingdao Shandong 266590, China)
关键词:
降尘剂壳聚糖壳聚糖季铵盐降尘率
Keywords:
dust suppression agent chitosan chitosan quaternary ammonium salt dust suppression rate
分类号:
X964; TD174
DOI:
10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2016.06.011
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
以壳聚糖为原料,对其季铵化改性制备了一种新型煤矿用环保降尘剂。主要包括单体3-氯-2-羟丙基三甲基氯化铵(CTA)的合成与壳聚糖季铵盐(HTCC)的制备。通过单因素试验研究了反应时间、反应温度、碱用量、单体配比等因素对HTCC降尘率的影响,并采用正交实验确定了最佳的工艺合成条件为:m(NaOH)/m(CTA)=1.2,m(CTA)/m(CTS)=3.5,60 ℃下反应10 h;用IR、XRD表征了HTCC。当HTCC投加量为0.4 g/L,pH=6、温度25 ℃时,煤尘去除率达到最大约为94.6%,在降尘领域中有着良好的应用前景。
Abstract:
A new environmental dust suppression agent for coal mine was prepared by using chitosan as raw material, which was modified by quaternary ammonium. The synthesis of monomer 3-Chloro-2-hydroxypropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride (CTA) and the preparation of chitosan quaternary ammonium salt (HTCC) were mainly discussed. The influence of some factors including reaction time, reaction temperature, alkali dosage and monomer ratio on the dust suppression rate of HTCC were studied through single factor test, and the optimal synthetic conditions were m(NaOH)/m(CTA)=1.2, m(CTA)/m(CTS)=3.5, the reaction time of 10 h under the reaction temperature of 60 ℃, which were determined by using orthogonal experiments. The HTCC was characterized by IR and XRD. When the dosing quantity of HTCC is 0.4 g/L, pH=6 and the temperature is 25 ℃, the dust suppression rate reached the maximum value as 94.6%. It has good application prospect in dust suppression field.

参考文献/References:

[1]李强, 蒋承林, 翟果红. 我国煤炭行业尘肺病现状分析及防治对策[J]. 中国安全生产科学技术, 2011, 7(4): 148-151. LI Qiang, JIANG Chenglin, ZHAI Guohong. Analysis and counter measures on the situation of coal industry pneumoconiosis in China[J]. Journal of Safety Science and Technology, 2011, 7(4):148-151.
[2]马汉鹏, 王德明. 矿井粉尘防治技术探讨[J]. 洁净煤技术, 2005, 11( 4) : 68-70. MA Hanpeng, WANG Deming. Prevention and control of coal mine dust [J]. Clean Coal Technology, 2005, 11( 4) : 68-70.
[3]Wang H T, Wang D M, et al. Experimental investigations on the performance of a new design of foaming agent adding device used for dust control in underground coal mines[J]. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 2012 (25):1075-1084.
[4]曾康生, 胡乃联, 程卫民, 等. 综放工作面湿润剂喷雾降尘机理及高效降尘湿润剂的试验[J].煤炭学报, 2009,34(12):1675-1680 ZENG Kangsheng, HU Nailian, CHENG Weimin, et al. Dedusting mechanism by water-cloud of wetting agents and the relevant tests for fully-mechanized and roof caving coal face[J]. Journal of China Coal Society, 2009, 34(12):1675-1680.
[5]蒋挺大. 壳聚糖[M]. 北京:化学工业出版社, 2006:198-202.
[6]张荣, 龙柱. 壳聚糖与环氧丙基三甲基氯化铵接枝物的制备及其应用[J]. 造纸化学品,2007, 19(2): 19-22. ZHANG Rong, LONG Zhu. Preparation and application of graft copolymer of 2, 3-epoxypropyltrmiethyl ammonium chloride onto chitosan[J]. Paper Chemicals. 2007,19(2): 19-22.
[7]许晨, 卢灿辉, 丁马太. 壳聚糖季铵盐的合成及结构表征[J]. 功能高分子学报, 1997, 10(1): 51-55. XU chen, LU Canhui, DING Matai. Synthesis and structure characterization of the quaternary ammonium salt of chitosan[J]. Journal of Functional Polymers, 1997, 10(1): 51-55.
[8]郭玲香. 基于数学形态学的高聚物絮凝作用机理的定量化研究[J].环境科学学报, 2002, 22(6):716- 720. GUO Lingxiang. Quantitative study on polymer flocculation mechanism based on mathematical morphology[J]. Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae, 2002, 22(6):716-720.
[9]Yang J, Liu D D, et al. Research on mine dust fall agents based on the mechanism of wetting and coagulation[J]. International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy and Materials, 2014(21), 205-209.
[10]赵中华,孙海州,孙明昆. 一点法测定羧甲基壳聚糖的特性粘度[J].海洋水产研究,2002,23(3):41-43. ZHAO Zhonghua, SUN Haizhou, SUN Mingkun. Determining the intrinsic viscosity of carboxymethy chitosan by one-point method[J]. Marine Fisheries Research, 2002, 23(3): 41-43.
[11]吴刚, 沈玉华, 等. N, O-羧甲基壳聚糖的合成和性质研究[J]. 化学物理学报, 2003, 16(6):499-503. WU Gang, SHEN Yuhua, et al. Synthesis and studies on properties of N, O-carboxymethylchitosan[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics, 2003, 16(6):499-503.
[12]邹燕. 季铵盐壳聚糖及其复合膜的研制与性能评价[D]. 南京:南京理工大学, 2012.
[13]李小飞, 吴玉英. 羧甲基壳聚糖的制备[J]. 精细与专用化学品, 2006, 14(24): 26-29. LI Xiaofei, WU Yuying. Preparation of carboxymethylchitosan[J]. Fine and Specialty Chemicals, 2006, 14(24): 26-29.
[14]姜翠玉, 于维钊, 张春晓, 等. 阳离子淀粉的干法合成及其堵水调剖剂性能初探[J]. 油田化学, 2005, 22(2): 176-179. JIANG Cuiyu, YU Weizhao, ZHANG Chunxiao, et al. Preparation of cationic starch of higher substitution degree and its aqueous precipitating system for water control[J]. Oilfield Chemistry, 2005, 22(2):176-179.
[15]张建伟,王中原.选择性絮凝的方法及其机理[J].过滤与分离,2005,15(1). ZHANG Jianwei, WANG Zhongyuan. The method and mechanism of selective flocculation[J]. Jonurnal of Filtration and Separation, 2005, 15(1):1-3.
[16]KURANE R, SUXUKI R, TAZAWA R. Flocculating Agent Manufacture with Rhdiciccus or Nocardia: JP, 07-75561[P]. 1995:1-3.
[17]王香爱. 壳聚糖季铵盐复合絮凝剂对高岭土悬浮液的絮凝处理[J].华工科技,2011, 19(2):6-9. WANG Xiangai. The flocculation processing of chitosan quaternary ammonium salt compound flocculant to kaolin suspending liquid[J]. Science & Technology In Chemical Industry, 2011, 19(2):6-9.
[18]杨静,谭允祯,王振华,等. 煤尘表面特性及润湿机理的研究[J].煤炭学报,2007,32(7):737-740. YANG Jing, TAN Yunzhen, WANG Zhenhua, et al. Study on the coal dust surface characteristics and wetting mechanism[J]. Journal of China Coal Society,2007,32(7):737-740.
[19]陈天, 张晓红, 郭荣. 壳聚糖的表面活性和聚集[J]. 物理化学学报, 2000, 11(16): 1038-1041. CHEN Tian, ZHANG Xiaohong, GUO Rong. Surface activity and aggeregation of chitosan[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2000, 11(16):1038-1041.

相似文献/References:

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家自然科学基金-煤炭联合基金重点支持项目(U1261205);矿山灾害预防控制省部共建国家重点实验室培育基地开放基金项目(MDPC2013KF09);青岛经济技术开发区重点科技发展计划项目(2013-1-66)
更新日期/Last Update: 2016-06-30