|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]贺利工,史聪灵,钟茂华,等.浅谈地铁地下区间侧向疏散平台疏散[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2013,9(7):49-53.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2013.07.008]
 HE Li gong,SHI Cong ling,ZHONG Mao hua,et al.Analysis and discussion on passenger evacuation by lateral emergency evacuation platform in metro tunn[J].JOURNAL OF SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2013,9(7):49-53.[doi:10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2013.07.008]
点击复制

浅谈地铁地下区间侧向疏散平台疏散
分享到:

《中国安全生产科学技术》[ISSN:1673-193X/CN:11-5335/TB]

卷:
9
期数:
2013年7期
页码:
49-53
栏目:
学术论著
出版日期:
2013-07-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis and discussion on passenger evacuation by lateral emergency evacuation platform in metro tunn
作者:
贺利工1史聪灵2钟茂华2胥旋2
(1.广州地铁设计研究院有限公司,广州510010;2.中国安全生产科学研究院交通安全研究所,北京100012)
Author(s):
HE Ligong1 SHI Congling2 ZHONG Maohua2 XU Xuan2
(1.Guangzhou Metro Design&Research Institute Co.,Ltd, Guangzhou Guangdong 510010,China; 2.Institute of Transportation Safety,China Academy of Safety Science & Technology, Beijing 100012,China)
关键词:
地铁区间端门疏散侧向疏散疏散平台计算模拟
Keywords:
metro tunnel end door evacuation lateral evacuation emergency evacuation platform simulation
分类号:
X924.3
DOI:
10.11731/j.issn.1673-193x.2013.07.008
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
区间疏散是地铁设计需要重点考虑的防灾设计问题。为了研究有效的地铁区间疏散方式,利用基于个体的人员疏散计算模拟方法,对不同的区间疏散方式下的疏散能力、疏散时间和疏散瓶颈位置进行了计算模拟研究。研究表明端门疏散方式的瓶颈在客车司机与客室之间的门和车辆端头门的下行梯位置,而侧向平台疏散方式的瓶颈在于疏散平台的宽度;侧向疏散平台方式可以让疏散乘客“较为有序”,整体疏散时间比端门疏散有了较大的缩短。当疏散平台宽度增加至800mm时,疏散时可以形成两股疏散人流,进一步提高疏散效率。分析结果可为工程设计人员、安全评估人员提供参考。
Abstract:
Tunnel evacuation is an important aspect to be focused on in the design of disaster prevention for the metro design. In order to study the effective evacuation mode in the metro tunnel, through the agentbased evacuation simulation method, the evacuation capacity, evacuation time and bottleneck location for different tunnel evacuation mode were investigated by simulation. The results showed that the lateral evacuation platform can be used as a relatively effective evacuation mode to evacuate passengers to the outside of the train orderly. The bottleneck for the end door evacuation mode is the descending ladder in the end door and the passage between the driver cab and passenger carriage, but for the lateral evacuation platform mode, it is the width of the lateral evacuation platform. The lateral evacuation platform can provide “a more orderly evacuation from the train," and the overall evacuation time away from the train is greatly reduced. If the width of evacuation platform increases to 800mm, the evacuation efficiency can be further improved by the forming of two flows of passengers. The result can provide a reference for the personnel of engineering design and safety evaluation.

参考文献/References:

[1]GB 501572003, 地铁设计规范[S].2003
[2]史聪灵,钟茂华,涂旭炜,等. 深埋地铁车站火灾实验与数值分析[M].北京:科学出版社,2009
[3]史聪灵. 地铁换乘车站客流疏运模拟及风险分析(1)T型车站[J].中国安全生产科学技术,2011,7(4): 1117 SHI Congling. Simulation and risk analysis on passenger transportation of metro transfer station(1)T type station[J]. Journal of Safety Science and Technology, 2011,7(4): 1117
[4]王迪军,罗燕萍,李梅玲.地铁隧道火灾人员疏散与烟气控制[J].消防科学与技术,2004,23(4):345347 WANG Dijun, LUO Yanping, LI Meiling. Evacuation and smoke control in subway tunnel[J]. Fire Science and Technology, 2004,23(4):345347
[5]ZHONG M H, SHI C L, TU X W, et al. Study of the human evacuation simulation of metro fire safety analysis in China[J]. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 2008, (21): 287298
[6]HE Li, ZHONG Maohua, SHI Congling,et al. Experimental research on investigation of metro passenger evacuation behaviors in case of emergency. In: Fifth International Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics (PED 2010)[A], Gaithersburg, MD, USA,2010
[7]SHI Congling, ZHONG Maohua, NONG Xingzhong , et al. Modeling and safety strategy of passenger evacuation in a metro station in China[J]. Safety Science, 2012, (50): 13191332

相似文献/References:

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家自然科学基金资助(91024022;91024014;71203201);国家十二五科技支撑计划课题(2012BAK27B03)
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-07-31